AgBalance® – Improving Sustainability Performance In Agriculture

Sustainability is integral to modern farming. It is at the center of a farmer’s daily work and drives improvement efforts on the farm. BASF has developed a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) tool called AgBalance® that allows farmers to review the contribution of their current farming operation across all three sustainability pillars.

Life cycle approaches offer a robust assessment mechanism to monitor the sustainability performance. Life Cycle Thinking is about going beyond the traditional focus on production site and manufacturing processes, but includes environmental, social and economic impacts of a product over its entire life cycle (Life Cycle Initiative, 2017)1. This may facilitate the analysis of trade-offs between the economic, social and environmental dimensions within entire value chains.

On a farm, a variety of farming practices as well as input materials contribute to more or less sustainability in agriculture. How can this be measured to allow the comparison of different ways of farming? See below how it can be done.

Impact categories on a farm



The AgBalance® model considers economic accounts of revenues and expenses. Therefore, the economic analysis is focused on the selling price of the agricultural product and subsidies as an income and the variable and fixed costs of the agricultural system.

How To AgBalance® ?

Following the concept of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), the AgBalance® Model was developed by BASF in 2009-2010 to assess sustainability in the farming sector, applying principles of the LCA framework defined by the ISO 14040 (ISO, 2006a)3 and 14044 (ISO, 2006b) standards. The development is based on the Eco-Efficiency Analysis (see link below) with the addition of nutrient balances and biodiversity to offer a comprehensive assessment of the impacts of cultivation systems.

1 Life Cycle Initiative. (2017). What is Life Cycle Thinking? Retrieved from Life Cycle Initiative:

2 European Commission. (2017). Guidance for the development of Product Environmental Footprint Category Rules (PEFCRs), version 6.3

3 ISO. (2006a). ISO 14040 Environmental Management - Life Cycle Assessment - Principles and Framework. Geneva: International Organization for Standardization.

4 ISO. (2006b). ISO 14044: Environmental Management - Life Cycle Assessment - Requirements and Guidelines. Geneva: International Organization for Standardization.



Biodiversity Calculator

Here you can estimate the impact of your farming practices on the conservation of biodiversity. Select your region and the land use of your farm, so you can choose the appropiate interventions for conservation!
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For further information, contact Kerstin Ulrich

Sustainability Assessment