Summer annual seed-propagated weed germinating in spring and summer with deep root. Undemanding, found on all soils, especially on loamy and sandy soils. Grows poorly only in waterlogged soils.
Cotyledons are very long and narrow (10-15 mm long, 1-2 mm wide), blunt-tipped,without stems (Petioles) (Picture 1). True leaves are elliptical, small, slightly rotated, yellow-green and very short-petioles (Picture 2). Ligules are tube-like, split-leaved during fruiting times. The flowers are pink to white standing in axils in groups of 2-3. The plant forms 150-200 ovate to elliptical, dark-brown seeds which are flattened on three sides (Picture 3). In soil, the seeds remain viable for a long time (over 50 years). The optimal germination temperature is 2-5 °C.