Heat-loving, summer annual grass weed, emerges first of the members of the millet species. Loves humus-rich, nutrient-rich, loamy sand and clay soils.
Common barnyard millet [Echinochloa crus-galli]
First leaves are rolled, dark to gray-green wide-linear-lanceolate (Picture 1), auricles and ligules absent. The leaves are often reddish with a light central vein (Picture 2). A clear identification feature is the flat leaf sheath. (Picture 3) The pseudo-spikes are paniculate or in bunches (Picture 4). Glume most often with long bristles. Barnyard grass appears in many forms and, depending on the site, grows up to 150 cm high. Each plant produces approx. 300-500 seeds.