Annual to perennial, non-hardy grass propagating via seeds. Used as forage grass since it is energy-rich, easy to digest and fast-growing. Prefers alkaline-rich, humus-rich, nutrient-rich soils.
Forms erect, light-green tufts which can become up to 1 m tall. The youngest leaf is rolled, the upper side of leaf is rough and the underside is glossy and smooth. Leaf blades are ridged and free of hair (Picture 1). The auricles are very pronounced and encompass the stem. The ligules are short and overextended, white, smooth-edged. Ears are with alternately arranged, individual spikelets (Picture 2). The glume is aristate (awned), longitudinal-lanceolate (spear shaped).